Thermal of Caracalla in 3D. Caracalla fourth dimension: virtual video guide, multimedia visit with virtual reality from 20 December 2017.
The visit, divided into ten stages of which six are with virtual reality, is based on philological reconstructions of the Baths, based on the studies of the last thirty years and curated for the scientific part by Marina Piranomonte, director of the monument. The project, to which Francesco Antinucci of the National Research Council collaborated for the technological design, was coordinated by Francesco Cochetti of CoopCulture.
Inside the digital reconstructions real images of some statues and decorations of the thermal system have been inserted which today make a fine show of themselves in various places, including the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, the Royal Palace of Caserta, who collaborated in the project, and Piazza Farnese.
AN IMMERSION IN THE THERMAL
The virtual visit is divided into ten chapters, which correspond to as many spaces of the plant and cover all the areas of the Baths of Caracalla, revealing the various functions and returning a complete image of the monument:
- historical introduction to the emperor Caracalla (Marco Aurelio Severo Antonino Pio), his figure, his wars, his policies, with special attention to the spa complex that still bears his name today - video with audio commentary;
- the western gym;
- the Frigidarium, a large classroom with cold water tanks;
- the liveliness of the Baths, which welcomed from six thousand to eight thousand people a day, is illustrated through the story of the Roman philosopher Seneca;
- the Eastern gymnasium where the large sculptural group of the Torment of Dirce, also known as Toro Farnese, was virtually relocated;
- the changing room, the Apodyterium, in the Terme dei Severi is monumental, with its high cross vault and elegant black and white mosaics;
- the Natatio, or the immense outdoor swimming pool;
- the Saunas, the Laconics, and the Caldarium made up the hot path of the spa;
- the Underground, a maze of several kilometers of tunnels, which ran under the spa area;
- the two Libraries, one in Greek and the other in Latin.
The ten stages show how the Thermal of Caracalla were not just a building for the bath or what is now called a Beauty Center: the system had a completely different importance, thanks to the two libraries, one Latin and one Greek, the meeting rooms , the large gardens, the long arcades and the tabernæ positioned in the perimeter fence.
In fact, in addition to body care, the great imperial Beauty center served the function of a center for sports, a place of study and a meeting place for the most various occasions. The virtual tour will allow you to grasp the complexity of the Thermal of Caracalla which, rich in works of art and low-reliefs with the commemorative depictions of military undertakings, can be considered a real Forum of emperors of the Severan dynasty, which is no coincidence in Rome it was not there.
EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR SCHOOLS
DURATION: 90 minutes
RECIPIENTS: Secondary school
ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: The itinerary of the Thermal of Caracalla will be flanked by the use of special viewers which, in certain points of the monument, will allow you to see the rooms reconstructed in all their ancient splendor. This visit enhancement tool contains "views" of the different reconstituted environments - in architecture and decoration - in their original state and allows a complete three-dimensional view of the surrounding environment at 360 °. In this immersive dimension, the participants will have the feeling of being transported back in time and will be able to see the original reconstruction of the third century of the rooms, the decorative systems and the sculptural elements that adorned the Thermal, including the two masterpieces preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Naples: the Hercules and the Toro Farnese.
1) Use language and virtual technologies to enhance awareness of the archaeological heritage and its protection
2) Increase the emotional impact of the visit through an immersive experience