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CHURCHES AND BASILICAS
Churches and Basilicas
Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le mura
It is also called San Lorenzo al Verano, due to the large cemetery near. Since ancient times the deads, even if cremated, they had to be buried outside the city walls of Rome. Here was buried San Lorenzo, whose body was carried by the Roman matron Ciriaca (later made â€‹â€‹holy) from the place of martyrdom and buried under a rock tuff on his property, which became the small catacomb church is still visitabile.
This Church is a combination of different churches and different ages, starting from the original structure of the fourth century to the restoration of the roof and the upper part of the walls after the World War II.
The Campanile date back the twelfth century. There is also a small tower at the time of Constantine. The porch, renovated, presents a series of columns and beautiful frescoes of the thirteenth century with the lives of St.
Lawrence and St. Stephen. There is also a monument to Alcide De Gasperi, a prominent Italian politician of the postwar period.
The interior combines three different styles on three different levels. It comes from a fifth-century church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, decorated in the twelfth century with one of the first cosmateschi floors of Rome.
At the end of the nave there are two flights of stairs that mark the beginning of the church of Constantine in the fourth century, and lead to the presbytery, built by Honorius in the thirteenth century. This is supported by 12 massive fluted columns of the fourth century, curiously truncated by the platform on which they rest altar and choir.
The stairs at the ends of the aisles, down to the level of the ancient church of Pelagius. The tombs of St. Lawrence, St. Stephen and St. Justin can be found in the crypt of the fourth century, under the central staircase.
The mosaics of the choir arch that divides the two churches of the sixth century, but the porphyry columns of the canopy dates back to the twelfth century, the thirteenth the two pulpits, the bishop's throne and the Paschal Candle.
The cloister of the twelfth century - to the right starting from the sacristy - will surprise you with its varied columns , fragments and pagan sarcophagi . Powerful cypress trees towering over the double arches.