Domus Transitoria, the first palace of Nero on the Palatine since 12 April 2019 opened for the first time to the public. The historian Suetonius tells the story of the great commitment that Nero dedicated to building his private palace: first the Domus Transitoria, which allowed the "transit" from the Palatine to the Esquiline, followed, after the fire in 64 AD, by the Domus Aura. And in fact the paintings, stuccoes and marbles that decorate these rooms anticipate the magnificence of those of Domus Aurea itself.
This extraordinary opening contributes to defining a Neronian visit itinerary within the central archaeological area that will extend from the Colle Oppio to the Palatine Hill. The visitor will experience the constructive genius of the emperor and the experiments he sought in the pictorial and marble decorations with his own hands, between real and virtual.
Reduced youth between 18 and 25 years of the European community ‚ā¨ 7.00 agency fees included
Open 09.00 - 18.00 accompanied entrance with departure every 20 minutes
The visit to the monument - whose entrance is contingent due to the need for protection - is part of the new Roman-Palatine Forum ticket, valid for one day.
The Domus Transitoria can be visited from Friday to Monday.
The ticket includes access to the Palatine Museum and the Neronian Criptoportico, the houses of Augustus and Livia, the Aula Isiaca with the Loggia Mattei, the Temple of Romulus, Santa Maria Antiqua with the Oratory of the Forty Martyrs and the Domitian ramp
Some evocative rooms of the first palace of Nero on the Palatine are still recognizable. Among these, a space originally occupied by a rich nymphaeum with water features between architectural forms similar to a theatrical backdrop and, just in front, a triclinium surrounded by columns of porphyry and polychrome marble pillars, destined for rest and recreation of the 'emperor.
Visible two other rooms of which the signs of the precious decoration of frescoes, stuccos and marble floors remain. Part of the finds are kept in the nearby Palatine Museum. Here they are exposed and return for the first time on the Palatine Hill - after 300 years and thanks to an important loan resulting from a collaboration agreement with the National Archaeological Museum of Naples -, some frescoes detached at the time of discovery from a covered area with vaulted ceiling barrel: two large friezes and tiles. The style of the painted images suggested the attribution to Famulus or Fabullus, the painter of the Domus Aurea cited by Pliny.
Discovered in the eighteenth century by the Farnese family - mistakenly identified as the Baths of Livia - then investigated with scientific criteria and preserved at the beginning of the twentieth century by Giacomo Boni, these rooms are the object, in recent years, of a long restoration and safety work.
The scientific enhancement project, which enhances the understanding of the monument in the eyes of the public, and consists of lighting, designed to differentiate the spaces originally open to the closed ones, and from three multimedia installations. These now restore the atmosphere of the place, the pomp and preciousness of the decorations that characterized them. In particular, a workstation allows you to wear a virtual reality viewer with which you will observe a realistic reconstruction of the triclinium and the nymphaeum.
The visit itinerary continues, once crossed a series of gashes in the foundations of the palace of the Flavian emperors, in a space with a large lamina. Leaving this, the visitor encounters an entire wall, completely red, which bears the traces of the original decoration with leaves and plant elements typical of garden painting.
Alongside the pictorial plasters, colored marble from the floor and wall coverings stand out throughout the path: plant motifs and curved geometric elements are combined in the alternation of the four marble species favored by the emperor Nero, the red porphyry, the Greek green porphyry, the ancient yellow and the pavonazzetto coming from the whole Mediterranean basin (Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor). The level of perfection of these drawings reaches its climax in the floor of the great nave with three naves under the Casina Farnese: perhaps the most refined example of the sectilia pavimenta given back to us by Roman antiquity and certainly of Neronian age. The floor is partly covered by an oval fountain relevant to the large triclinium of the imperial palace built by Domitian, known as Coenstio lovis: a strong example of the typical stratification of the corrupting mode of the ancient Romans.
Parco archeologico del Colosseo, Piazza S. Maria Nova, 53 Roma 06985301758